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Are you trying to figure out birth control methods and how they work so you can determine which type of birth control is right for you?. We believe that is why you are here. Here, will definitely give you expert guidelines to help you out in your search. We gotchu.

In Africa, many women have taken birth control at some point in their lives. There are a variety of birth control alternatives to select from. This makes it easy to discover one that works best for you. Some methods you may have heard of or tried before, while others may be unfamiliar.

AMUA,a social franchise implemented on behalf of the Government of Kenya by Marie Stopes, notes that finding the contraception that works best for you and your lifestyle can be extremely satisfying. It lets you take charge of your future and live your life the way you want.

However, it is possible to waste a lot of time and energy experimenting with various types of Birth Control Methods and How they Work. It can be frustrating if all you want to know is how to prevent pregnancy in the most effective way for you. 

  • Where do you begin with so many options?
  • What should you look out for?

We’ve compiled the most important details below on 13 Birth Control Methods and How they Work so you can quickly compare birth control options and begin a discussion with your doctor.

There are Non hormonal and Hormonal Birth control methods.Non Hormonal birth control is any contraceptive method that does not modify your body’s natural hormones. Hormonal birth control works by changing the body’s chemistry.

According to AMUA,both non Hormonal hormonal and Birth control methods are equally  effective, but their effects depend on each individual.

Different birth control methods and how they work

1.Implant (Hormonal)

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The implant is a tiny, thin rod about the size of a matchstick. The implant injects hormones into your body, preventing you from becoming pregnant. It’s also known as Nexplanon. There is an older version called Implanon. The implant is inserted into your arm by a nurse or doctor. After, you are safe from pregnancy for up to 5 years. It’s a one-and-done approach to birth control.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), only one out of every hundred people who used the implant became pregnant.


  • Effectiveness. It is one of the most effective methods of birth control available.
  • Inexpensive. It can be pricey up front, but there are no additional costs for the first five years.
  • Convenience. There was no pre-sex preparation or reminders.
  • Reversible. You can get rid of it whenever you want, and your fertility will return as soon as you do.
  • Longevity. The implant lasts five years before it needs to be changed.
  • Periods that are better. For some, it can relieve cramps, make periods lighter, or even stop them altogether.


  • It is not effective in preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • .After five years, the implant must be removed.
  • A visit to a healthcare practitioner is required for insertion.
  • The implant might migrate away from the insertion site, making it difficult for a clinician to detect and remove it.

2.The Shot (Hormonal)

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The Birth Control Shot is an injectable birth control that contains the hormone progestin and works for a long time. It is administered through injection, with repeat treatments occurring every three months. It prevents pregnancy by thickening the cervical fluid, preventing sperm from reaching an egg, and in certain users, it may also inhibit the release of an egg (ovulation).


  • It is a very effective and changeable prescription birth control method.
  • You don’t have to deal with the inconvenience of a daily birth control method like the pill.
  • After a few injections, your periods may become very light, or they may stop entirely.
  • Women who are breastfeeding or six weeks postpartum can use it safely.


  • You must remember to schedule your injections every 12 weeks.
  • You must discontinue Depo injections one year before trying to conceive.
  • Due to spotting, irregular bleeding, and/or continuous bleeding, many women discontinue using injections during the first year.
  • Weight gain in some women.

3.The Vaginal Ring (Hormonal)

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The vaginal ring (NuvaRing) is a small soft plastic ring that is inserted into the vagina.

To prevent pregnancy, it continuously releases estrogen and progestogen hormones into the bloodstream.


  • Highly effective
  • simple to use
  • There are fewer side effects than with oral contraceptives.
  • Periods will almost certainly be shorter and lighter.


  • Could result in vaginal irritation, infection, or both.
  • Does not provide protection from sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

4.Patch (Hormonal)

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The contraceptive patch is a small, sticky patch that releases hormones into your body through your skin in order to prevent pregnancy. It is worn on the skin of your belly, upper arm, butt, or back. However, according to Mayo Clinics, Women who have certain types of migraines, high blood pressure, a history of blood clots, or who are both over the age of 35 and smoke are more likely to have a stroke or other negative outcomes with this method.


  • It is simple to use. The patch only needs to be applied once a week and replaced once a week. This can help people who may forget to take a daily pill.
  • Can help with menstrual problems. The patch can assist in regulating the menstrual cycle and making periods lighter and less painful. Premenstrual symptoms may be improved as well.
  • Effectiveness. The birth control patch is 99 percent effective if you follow the instructions exactly. Even with routine use, the efficacy rate remains relatively high at 91 percent.


  • Itchy skin. Where the patch is applied, the skin may become irritated, itchy, or sore. People with sensitive skin may be particularly affected.
  • A patch is easier to fall off. It’s possible that the patch will come loose or fall off completely, so check it every few days.
  • It’s possible to see. While the patch can be applied in an inconspicuous location, it only comes in one light color, making it more visible on darker skin tones.
  • It must be changed on a weekly basis. Heathline advises that for the patch to function properly, it must be changed on the same day each week. Setting reminders can assist you in remembering. 

5.The Pill (Hormonal)

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The birth control pill (also known as “the Pill”) is a daily pill containing hormones that changes the way the body works and prevents pregnancy.Birth control pills come in a pack, and you take one pill daily.This is the most popular method chosen by many who try to find about Birth Control Methods and How they Work


  • They are Inexpensive.
  • When used correctly, they are extremely effective. They are more effective than most other forms of birth control in preventing pregnancy.
  • They’re also reversible. When you stop taking them, your cycle will return to normal, and you will be able to become pregnant if you so desire.
  • They can assist in the regulation of your menstrual cycle. This can be beneficial for women who have irregular or heavy periods.


  • Every day, you must take a pill. If you miss a pill or take it outside of the 3- or 12-hour window (depending on the pill), your chances of becoming pregnant increase.
  • You must ensure that you have a new pack ready to go. Delaying the start of a new pack can also increase your chances of becoming pregnant.

6.IUD (Non-hormonal/Hormonal)

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An IUD is a little T-shaped plastic and copper device that is implanted in the uterus. It releases copper to prevent you from becoming pregnant, and it lasts between 5 and 10 years. It’s also popularly known as a “coil” or “copper coil.” Most of the women who come to our clinic for advice end up choosing this method due to its convenience.” Dr.Mercy Maina,Amua. “It is however good to note that this is not suitable for women with multiple partners.” The IUD could partially or completely slip out of the uterus.


  • Longevity. Depending on the type, they can endure anywhere from 3 to 12 years.
  • Convenience. There’s no need for any pre-sex preparation or reminders.
  • It is economical. IUDs can be pricey at first, but there are no additional fees for several years.
  • Reversible. Have it removed if you wish to get pregnant, and you can start trying right away.


  • It is possible that insertion will be painful.
  • If you don’t have insurance, the initial cost can be quite high. 

7.Condoms (Non-hormonal)

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Condoms are a type of contraception that acts as a “barrier.” They’re made of very thin latex (rubber) and are supposed to prevent pregnancy by preventing sperm from colliding with an egg. When used correctly during vaginal, anal, and oral intercourse, they can help protect against STIs.So,Condoms not only prevent pregnancy, but they also provide the best STI protection available.There are both male and female condoms.

In most health facilities, condoms are given for free. You can also get some for yourself from the hotel industry.


  • Affordable
  • easy to access
  • When used correctly, it is useful in preventing STIs.


  • Allergies to the condoms’ spermicides, lubes, fragrances, and other chemicals
  • Sensation loss is a possibility.
  • When used incorrectly or inconsistently, it has a somewhat high failure rate.
  • Due to latex sensitivity or allergy, there is a risk of skin irritation, such as contact dermatitis.

8.Emergency Contraception (Hormonal & Non-hormonal)

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Emergency contraception is a type of birth control that is used to prevent pregnancy after sexual activity. It works by delaying ovulation and hence preventing conception. This can help you avoid becoming pregnant after unprotected intercourse or if your contraception has failed. However, Helthline advised that Emergency contraception should not be considered your primary form of birth control. 


  • Emergency contraception is available even without a prescription.
  • If the emergency pill does not work and you become pregnant, there is no evidence that it will harm your baby.
  • There are no serious side effects. While you may experience some morning after pill side effects, none of them are regarded as “severe” by the NHS.


  • By a small proportion, it is less effective than other methods.
  • Only works for a limited period. There’s no reason to take the morning after pill if it’s been more than three days since you had unprotected sex.

9.Fertility Awareness/ Natural Family Planning (Non-hormonal)

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Fertility awareness methods also known as FAMs are techniques for tracking ovulation and preventing pregnancy. During her menstrual cycle, a woman monitors and records various fertility signals to determine when she is most likely to become pregnant.This method is mostly approved by the Catholic Church and some Protestant denominations for achieving as well as delaying or avoiding pregnancy.


  • It has no negative side effects.
  • Inexpensive or free


  • Very risky in preventing pregnancy
  • Keeping track of your cycle is required


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Spermicide is a birth control method that uses chemicals to prevent sperm from reaching an egg. To avoid pregnancy, you place it in your vaginal canal before sex. It inhibits pregnancy by restricting the cervix’s entrance, preventing sperm from reaching your egg. It works by preventing sperm from traveling fast enough to reach your egg.

They are available in a variety of forms, including cream, gel, foam, film, and suppositories. This method is less common. Most people looking to learn about Birth Control Methods and How they Work know little about it.


  • It is available without a prescription and can be purchased from many drugstores.
  • You can use it on an as-needed basis rather than on a daily or monthly basis.
  • It has no effect on your hormone levels.


  • It’s less effective if you’ve given birth.
  • It’s not a good idea to use it while you’re on your period.
  • Spermicide can irritate your vaginal area, putting you at risk for STIs.
  • Insertion and removal might be difficult or messy.

11.Withdrawal/Pull-out Method (Non-hormonal)

The withdrawal method of contraception is the removal of the penis from the vagina and away from the external genitals of a woman before ejaculation in order to avoid pregnancy. Dr.Mercy of Amua says this method is recommended for a person who is skilled,if you want it to be 99% effective.


  • Is free and readily available.
  • Has no side effects.
  • Convenient since you do not need to prepare.


  •  It takes a lot of control for the man to pull out before ejaculation therefore high chances of getting pregnant.


A vasectomy is a minor operation performed in men. It prevents pregnancy by blocking sperm from getting to semen when ejaculating.Although vasectomy can be reversed, it should be considered a long-term method of male birth control.


  • Considered the most successful form of contraception after abstinence.
  • It’s a simple treatment that has a low risk of complications.
  • Reversible. Following a vasectomy, a man may decide that he wants more children. But Dr. Michael Read,a vasectomy expert,says although the procedure can often be reversed, this should not be used to justify it.


  • Sterility is not immediate.After a vasectomy, sperm can stay in the vas deferens tube for months, and it may take up to 20 ejaculations to clear the tubes.
  • Minor temporary side effects such as swelling, bruising and mild discomfort. However,they usually subside in the couple of days post-procedure
  • It can be expensive to perform the procedure.

13.Permanent Birth Control

Tubal ligation, sometimes known as “tube tying,” is the most frequent form of permanent birth control (contraception) for women. For women who want to avoid pregnancy indefinitely, this is a safe and successful alternative.Permanent birth control is the greatest option if you are positive you do not want to conceive in the future.


  • Extremely effective at preventing pregnancy.
  • There’s no need for long-term birth control.


  • It takes three months for it to take effect.
  • Some women may come to regret their decision in the future.
  • The patient’s recovery is sometimes painful.

Other Most Common Effects of birth control

Except for condoms the other birth control methos do not prevent Sexually Transmitted diseses. Other Common effects in almost all birth control include: However, as noted before,these symptoms vary from one individual to another.” It is advisable to seek medical guidance before committing to one method to avoid consequences of trial and error”. Advice Mayo Clinic. These effects are:

  • Changes in sex drive
  • Change in appetite
  • Hair loss
  • Increased hair on the face or body4

In a few women, it may cause:

  • Depression
  • Nervousness
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Headaches
  • Skin rash
  • Spotty darkening of the skin
  • Sore breasts

Trying to figure out Birth Control Methods and How they Work can be extremely overwhelming. The availability of information out there does not usually make the process easy. In fact, sorting through all of the birth control information and guidance available can be absolutely devastating. We believe you’ll find this information useful. It will put you on the right track to making an informed decision on the best type of birth control for you. All the best.

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